Copyright Policy

Fair Use

The images from television programs on are used for critical, teaching, and scholarship purposes. It is our understanding of Section 107 “Limitations on Exclusive Rights: Fair Use” of U.S. copyright law that these purposes constitute “fair use” of copyrighted material.

We believe that our use of television images passes the “Four Factor Fair Use Test” that encapsulates the main provisions of Section 107. Moreover, we believe that the arguments made in favor of fair use in Kristin Thompson’s “Fair Usage Publication of Film Stills” should also apply here.

However, we do not wish to infringe upon any copyrights. If you are a copyright holder and you believe our use of an image infringes upon your copyright, please notify us and we will immediately remove that image from

Jeremy Butler
Telecommunication and Film Department
The University of Alabama
Box 870152
Tuscaloosa, AL 35487

jbutler [at]

Use of Materials

No text, images, or video/sound on may be reproduced for commercial purposes. However, educational and other non-commercial uses are permitted, if proper attribution is given. Please see the Creative Commons License for details.

Aside from stills taken from TV programs, all material is copyright © 1994-2011 by Jeremy G. Butler and Routledge, the publisher of Television: Critical Methods and Applications, for which is the author’s companion Website.

Author's Blog for Television: Critical Methods and Applications, 4th Ed